Monday, March 28, 2016

Moving to Canada from the USA:Permanent Immigration to Canada.


Express Entry

A major advantage of the Express Entry immigration selection system is that applications are processed within six months. Through Express Entry, American citizens can go from merely thinking about moving to Canada to living and working here as permanent residents in well under a year. Moreover, American citizens typically have a strong chance of being invited to apply for permanent residence through Express Entry, thanks to strong language skills, the probability of having obtained skilled work experience, and the higher education that they may have completed earlier in life.

Provincial Nominee Programs

Much like the United States, Canada is sub-divided into different jurisdictions, known as provinces. These provinces are, in some ways, similar to the various states that make up the United States. Unlike states in the U.S., however, Canadian provinces have a significant say in which new immigrants come and settle in the particular provinces. Indeed, over recent years, many American legislators and commentators have asked publicly why the U.S. can't emulate the success that Canada has had in decentralizing its economic immigration system. The Provincial Nominee Programs may be a useful starting point for Americans who know which province they wish to move to, as well as others who have specific skill sets and work experience that certain provinces are looking for.

Immigration to Quebec

Quebec is a distinct case within the Canadian landscape. As Canada's only majority French-speaking province, many U.S. citizens may not initially jump at the opportunity to relocate to Quebec, but here are just a few reasons why the province deserves, at least, a second look:
  • Quebec is home to the metropolis of Montreal, known for its laid-back European-style joie de vivre. Montreal has a large English-speaking population, a relatively low cost of living, and the second-highest per capita student population of any city in North America. The U.S.–Canada border is also just a 45-minute drive from downtown Montreal.
  • For decades, Quebec has more closely modeled itself on the mixed economies and strong welfare states of Northern Europe. Quebec is the land of heavily subsidized day care for children and huge public investment in education, jobs training, and retirement costs while also retaining a business-friendly environment.
  • The major towns and cities of Quebec are just a few hours' drive from Boston and New York City. The New England region and upstate New York are even closer, and further afield, Washington D.C., Philadelphia, Baltimore, and Buffalo are all within a day's drive.

Spousal/Common-Law Sponsorship

A large percentage of American immigrants to Canada arrive after being sponsored by a Canadian spouse or common-law partner. Canada and the U.S., after all, are the best of neighbors (neighbors), and many Americans and Canadians become the best of friends. The current Liberal Government of Canada places particular emphasis on what is commonly known as family reunification or family sponsorship, and the spousal/common-law route is one pathway to Canadian immigration under this category. The government is also working on reducing processing times under this immigration category.
Furthermore, Canada recognizes same-sex marriage. Same-sex partners may be eligible to apply to reunite in Canada, provided they meet all eligibility requirements.

Business Immigration to Canada

Through the Business Class immigration programs, Canada aims to attract individuals that have a significant ability to contribute to the Canadian economy. With a diverse market-based economy and workplace values that American business people would recognize, Canada presents an abundance of opportunity for investment and entrepreneurship.
  • Provincial Business/Entrepreneur Programs

    Canadian provinces have a significant say in which economic migrants settle in their jurisdictions, and many of them are looking for energetic and innovative entrepreneurs to help grown their economies. British Columbia, for example, has a new entrepreneur immigration program for individuals with a minimum net worth of CAD$600,000 (around USD$450,000, as of March 2016); this program presents unique business opportunities in one of Canada's most beautiful and mild provinces, which also happens to be the province with the highest projected jobs growth over the coming years. The province of Ontario — home to Canada's largest city, Toronto, and capital city, Ottawa — also has a new Entrepreneur Stream for individuals with a minimum net worth of CAD$800,000 to $1,500,000 (around USD$600,000 to $1.14m), as well as a Corporate Stream for established international corporations looking to expand into Ontario or buy an existing business. Manitoba's Business Investor immigration stream requires a net worth of only CAD$350,000 (USD$265,000), while in Nova Scotia, a newEntrepreneur Stream is attracting attention from Americans who wish to grow their portfolios in this stunning East Coast province.
  • Federal Business/Investor Immigration

    The goal of Canada's federal business immigration programs is to attract investors, entrepreneurs and self-employed individuals from outside Canada with venture capital, business acumen and entrepreneurial skills — attributes that American citizens have in abundance.
    • Immigrant Investor Venture Capital (IIVC) Pilot Program: The IIVC accepts applications from high net worth international investors who possess the necessary skills and abilities to contribute to the Canadian economy and to become well integrated into Canadian society.
    • Entrepreneur Start-up Visa Program: This program encourages entrepreneurs to grow their companies in Canada. Successful applicants link with private sector organizations in Canada, where they can receive funding, guidance and expertise in the opening and operating their enterprise in Canada.
    • Self-Employed Persons Program: This program seeks to bring people who will become self-employed in Canada. Applicants must have either relevant experience in cultural activities or athletics, or experience in farm management.
  • Quebec Business/Investor Immigration

    The province of Quebec presents some interesting business immigration options for American citizens.
    • Quebec Investor Program: This program allows individuals with a net worth of at least CAD$1.6 million and managerial experience to make a government-secured investment of CAD$800,000 for five years. Financing of this investment is available through Canadian financial institutions.
    • Quebec Entrepreneur Program: To qualify as an entrepreneur, an individual must have a net worth of at least CAD$300,000, have managerial experience in a business that they either owned or controlled and be willing and able to establish or acquire a business in Quebec, which will create at least one incremental job in Quebec.
    • Quebec Self-Employed Person Program: Under this program, self-employed persons must have a net worth of at least CAD$100,000 and must have work experience in the profession or trade that they intend to practice in Quebec.
Source: http://www.canadavisa.com/moving-to-canada-from-the-u-s.html#Permanent Immigration to Canada

Moving to Canada from the U.S.

There are many ways to immigrate to Canada from the United States or to reside in Canada temporarily, but each pathway requires a plan.

The United States and Canada share a long and storied history. Both of these vast, ambitious nations were, by and large, settled and governed by immigrant communities — and both the U.S. and Canada continue to receive hundreds of thousands of newcomers from around the world on an annual basis.
Every year, thousands of American citizens make the decision to move to Canada. Some are attracted by economic opportunity, others are sponsored by a spouse or partner, while many other Americans come to work or study in Canada on a temporary basis. Indeed, some are enticed by more than one of these factors, or other considerations.
As long as there has been America, there have been Americans moving to Canada. The ill-tempered nature of the 2016 Presidential Election cycle in the U.S. has led to increased interest from Americans who wish to live in a forward-looking, progressive and safe place where they and their families can benefit from a large swathe of opportunities — and all without straying too far from their friends and families back home.

Citizens of the United States, let's begin your clear path to Canada.

This comprehensive page covers the full range of immigration and temporary residence options that are open to U.S. citizens wishing to move to Canada. Click on any item in the menus below to go directly to the section that is most relevant to your particular needs. If you have a specific inquiry about moving to Canada from the U.S., please contact us today by completing the form at the end of this page. We will be happy to assist you in your Canadian immigration goals.

Reside in Canada Temporarily

Work in Canada

Much like in the U.S., Canadians enjoy a free market economy, where individuals and enterprises are rewarded for their creativity, innovation and hard work. Also, Canadian governments, both federal and provincial, are more inclined to intervene in the economy when it is pragmatic to do so. Canada is
not governed from an ideological standpoint; this allows individuals can reach their potential while also ensuring that 'boom and bust' cycles are not the norm.
Obtaining a Canadian work visa (referred to as a work permit in Canada) is usually an important step towards working legally in Canada. If you do not have a job offer, our Job Search Tool is key to finding work in your field at any location across Canada. If you do have a job offer from a Canadian employer, congratulations! You and your prospective employer may have to obtain a document called a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) before you begin working in Canada. This document serves as proof that your employment in Canada will likely have a neutral or positive effect on the local labour market.

SWAP Working Holidays

SWAP Working Holidays (formerly Student Work Abroad Programs) facilitate international exchanges between young people from different nations. U.S. citizens between the ages of 18 to 30, inclusive, may obtain an open work permit for 12 months under this program, provided that they have been enrolled in the full-time post-secondary study at some point in the past twelve months. Final year students are not returning to studies are also eligible. After working in Canada for up to a year, U.S. students are permitted to repeat SWAP in Canada once they have completed another academic term in the U.S.

NAFTA

Under the auspices of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), U.S. citizens may be eligible for facilitated processing when applying for a temporary Work Permit in Canada. Work Permits under the provisions of NAFTA do not usually require an LMIA.
U.S. citizens may work in Canada under NAFTA through one of the following categories:
  • NAFTA Professional

    A NAFTA Professional must be qualified to work in one of approximately 60 targeted professions, including professions in teaching, science, medicine, finance, law, and much more.
  • NAFTA Intra-Company Transfer

    NAFTA Intra-Company Transferees from the U.S. may be transferred to Canada on a temporary basis to work for a branch, subsidiary, or affiliate of their employer. These individuals must have worked continuously for their U.S. employer for at least one of the last three years and be employed by the company at the time of application in a position that is considered managerial, executive, or involving specialized knowledge.
  • NAFTA Traders and Investors

    A NAFTA Trader from the U.S. must demonstrate an intention to carry out substantial trade of goods or services between Canada and the U.S. A NAFTA Investor must demonstrate that he or she has made a substantial investment in a new or existing Canadian business and that he or she is seeking entry to Canada to develop and direct the Canadian business. Work permits in the NAFTA Investor category may also be granted to employees of the primary Investor, who can be considered essential staff.

Intra-Company Transfer

Because Canada is the United States' largest trading partner, and vice versa, a large number of American businesses have affiliate offices, branches, or subsidiaries in Canada. The Intra-Company Transfer Program allows international businesses to bring key employees to Canada without the requirement to obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). Employees who work in executive, managerial, or specialized knowledge roles may be eligible to come to Canada with their family and work as an intra-company transferee.
Work Without a Work Permit
Some situations may occur when a U.S. citizens can perform work in Canada without needing to secure a Temporary Work Permit. This includes individuals who engage in business or trade activities in Canada but will not enter the Canadian labour (labor) market, known collectively as Business Visitors.
Other positions covered by this provision include after sales service workers, athletes, performing artists, media, and military personnel.

Study in Canada

At a time when young Americans are faced with escalating tuition costs, mounting student debt, and higher barriers to entry than before, many of them are noticing that a world-class higher education is available on the same continent, and often for a fraction of the cost. With an exchange rate that benefits U.S. citizens looking to study in Canada, there has never been a better time to consider Canadian universities and colleges for further education. International students in Canada can also work while studying, allowing them to supplement their income and gain vital work experience.
Furthermore, studying in Canada doesn't just make sense from an educational and economic point of view — it is also a pathway towards developing a professional career and immigrating to Canada permanently.

Source: http://www.canadavisa.com/moving-to-canada-from-the-u-s.html#Permanent Immigration to Canada

Can Trump-Dodging Americans Really Move To Canada?

By: Become a fan 
Partner at Blaney McMurtry LLP. Expert in cross-border legal issues. Practices law in the State of California and the Province of Ontario.

 With every Trump victory, an increasing number of U.S. citizens are considering the possibility of moving to Canada. Of course, wanting to move to Canada is not the same thing as actually being allowed to move here. So how hard would it really be for a U.S. citizen to move to Canada?
There are two options that a Trump-averse U.S. citizen might consider: (1) seek permanent residence in Canada; or (2) seek temporary status in Canada (such as a work permit or study permit) until the next presidential election. Their choice would depend on whether they believe Mr. Trump would win a second presidential term.
In terms of permanent residence, the three categories that a disgruntled U.S. citizen should first consider are the Federal Skilled Worker Class ("FWSC"), the Canadian Experience Class ("CEC"), and the Federal Skilled Trades Class ("FSTC"). Of course, there are other options such as the Quebec Immigration Program, the Provincial Nominee Programs (which have been established by the Canadian Provinces), theStart-Up Business Class, the Immigrant Investor Venture Capital Class, and theCaregiver Program. Even family-sponsored permanent residence may be an option in appropriate cases. However, the FSWC, CEC, and FSTC do not require a Canadian employer or Canadian relative to sponsor the foreign national.
The biggest problem with the FSWC, CEC, and FSTC is that they are now subject to the Express Entry Program, which has been in place since January 1, 2015. Under Express Entry, it is no longer possible for foreign nationals to directly apply for permanent residence under the FSW, CEC, or FSTC.
Instead, applicants must now submit an Express Entry profile through the Citizenship and Immigration Canada ("CIC") website, indicating their interest in immigrating to Canada. If they satisfy the eligibility requirements of the FSWC, CEC, or FSTC, they will be accepted into the Express Entry pool of potential candidates. However, acceptance into the Express Entry pool does not guarantee that a particular candidate will be issued an invitation to apply for permanent residence.
All applicants who are accepted into the Express Entry pool are assigned a certain number of Comprehensive Ranking System ("CRS") points. CIC will then invite applicants having the highest number of CRS points to apply for permanent residence. Only then will the applicant be permitted to apply under the FSW, CEC, or FSTC.
To date, the lowest CRS score that has resulted in an invitation to apply is 450. An unmarried 40 year old with a U.S. bachelor degree, with at least three years of skilled work experience in the United States, who is fluent in English but not French, and who has never worked or studied in Canada, would receive only 381 CRS points. Such an applicant would not have received an invitation to apply.
Applicants who are accepted into the Express Entry pool will remain there for one year. However, if they have not been invited to apply for permanent residence after one year, their profiles will expire. Although CIC claims that the majority of applicants who are invited to apply will receive their permanent residence in six months or less, applicants don't actually know when they will receive an invitation to apply.
Although some U.S. citizens who submit Express Entry profiles will be invited to apply for permanent residence, the uncertainty of whether they will be invited and the timing of when this will occur might make the process of seeking Canadian permanent residence too unpredictable for them. As a result, they may wish to consider temporary options instead. 
In order to address the concerns of U.S. citizens seeking to avoid a presidential term with Donald Trump, they would need to ensure that they could remain in Canada for at least four years. Clearly, they could not remain in Canada as tourists for such an extended period of time. So they would need to obtain a work permit or study permit in order to maintain their status for four years or more.
Younger U.S. citizens could consider seeking a study permit to attend college or university in Canada. Study permits are typically issued for the duration of an applicant's academic program but bachelor degree programs in Canada are generally four years long. Of course, even a student who is participating in a shorter program could enroll in a subsequent program and then extend their study permit.
Unfortunately, most work permits require a Canadian employer or entity that is prepared to sponsor or otherwise support the foreign national's application. However, U.S. business owners would be in a better position to obtain work permits through their existing businesses, perhaps as intra-company transfereesNAFTA treaty investors or treaty tradersCertain professionals may also be eligible for work permits as NAFTA Professionals, if they can find a Canadian employer or entity willing to hire them. Executives, managers, and specialized knowledge workers employed by multinational companies may also seek intra-company transferee work permits, if they can convince their employers to transfer them abroad.
If a foreign national is not eligible under any of the above work permit categories, it is still possible for them to seek a Canadian work permit by obtaining a Labour Market Impact Assessment ("LMIA"). The LMIA process requires the Canadian employer to go through a very expensive and time-consuming procedure in order to demonstrate that no qualified Canadian workers are available. Although this route is technically available, in practice, most Canadian employers will be reluctant to attempt the LMIA process unless they believe that the foreign national is indispensable to their business.
It is clearly possible for many U.S. citizens to relocate to Canada, either on a temporary or permanent basis, but the actual process of seeking Canadian status is much more complicated than many Americans believe. Nevertheless, if Donald Trump actually does become President of the United States and U.S. citizens feel morally compelled to leave, Canada stands ready to welcome them (if they qualify of course).
Source: http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/henry-chang/americans-moving-to-canada_b_9542896.html

Friday, March 25, 2016

Canada to Make it Easier to Hire French Speakers for Skilled Jobs Outside Quebec


MARCH, 2016
Pour la version française, cliquez ici.
The government of Canada has announced that it will soon be simpler for employers in some regions of Canada to hire French-speaking skilled workers through a new option known as Mobilité Francophone.
In an expansion of the International Mobility Program (IMP), Mobilité Francophone will exempt Canadian employers from the Labour Market Impact Assessment process when they hire francophone foreign workers in managerial, professional and technical/skilled trades occupations (NOC skill level 0, A or B) to work in francophone minority communities outside Quebec. This new option is scheduled to come into operation on June 1, 2016.
A LMIA is a document that serves as proof that there will be a positive or neutral impact to the Canadian labour market if an employer hires a foreign national in certain situations. The IMP is an umbrella program that includes all streams of work permit applications that are exempt from this requirement. Mobilité Francophone is the latest such stream, joining other IMP streams such as the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the International Experience Canada (IEC) program.
Exemptions from the LMIA process are based on:
  • broader economic, cultural or other competitive advantages for Canada; and
  • reciprocal benefits enjoyed by Canadians and permanent residents.
Canada’s Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship, John McCallum, made it clear that the Liberal government has high hopes for this initiative, not only for local economies and Canadian employers, but also for the foreign workers themselves. Giving foreign workers who arrive in Canada under this stream the means to transition to permanent resident status is a clear goal of the government.
“We want francophone minority communities in Canada to continue to be vibrant and growing. That’s why we’re going to encourage skilled francophone workers to come to Canada and settle in communities outside of Quebec, and we’re going to encourage them to apply for permanent residence if they would like to stay,” said Mr. McCallum.
At the time of writing, it remains unclear exactly what criteria may be applied in order to define which communities (and consequently, which employers) will be able to participate in the Mobilité Francophone stream.
While the majority of francophones in Canada live and work in the province of Quebec, many regions across the country continue to have vibrant francophone communities. The working language of many of these communities is generally English, but French retains an important role in the community. More than one million Canadians outside Quebec report French as being their mother tongue. The largest francophone communities outside Quebec are in Eastern Ontario and New Brunswick, but sizeable francophone communities are found in each province and territory.
The department of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC, formerly known as CIC) aims to have francophone newcomers make up at least 4 percent of all economic immigrants settling outside Quebec by 2018, with an additional target of 4.4 percent by 2023.
Source:
Read more at http://www.cicnews.com/2016/03/canada-easier-hire-french-speakers-skilled-jobs-quebec-037478.html#ak8QXYd3mB3k04ye.99

Nova Scotia Shows Other Provinces the Way After Latest Immigration Allocation Increase


MARCH, 2016
For the second time in just six months, the government of Nova Scotia has successfully lobbied for an increase in the allocation for the Nova Scotia Nominee Program (NSNP), one of Canada’s Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). These immigration programs allow Canadian provinces to select newcomers based on criteria set by the province.
On March 16, 2016, Nova Scotia was granted an additional 300 spaces for the NSNP, bringing the total annual allocation cap for this year to 1,350. This is nearly double the allocation allotted to Nova Scotia by the federal government just two years ago. Last September, Nova Scotia successfully lobbied the federal government for a similar increase for its 2015 allocation, which also ended up being set at 1,350. The new Liberal government in Ottawa had originally set the NSNP cap for 2016 at 1,050, but both parties have now agreed to a return to the 1,350 figure.
Nova Scotia is one of Canada’s Maritime provinces, located in Eastern Canada on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean. Over recent years, governments in this region have been vocal about the need for newcomers who can integrate into the local labour market and help solve the demographic challenges faced by the region, which has an aging population.
Of all the provinces and territories in Canada, however, Nova Scotia has arguably been the most successful over recent months at securing from the federal government what it deems is required in order to revitalize the economy.
Commenting on the allocation increase, Nova Scotia Premier Stephen McNeil stated that “There’s a commitment by them [the federal government] to recognize the work that Nova Scotians have been doing in and around retention and allowing us to lead in Atlantic Canada to make sure that immigrants who arrive in Atlantic Canada stay here, not just here but in our sister provinces . . . But there’s no question we need more people . . . It’s my fundamental belief the cap should be lifted and allow us as a region, as a province to go forward.”
This news puts many prospective applicants and their families in a good position to pursue Canadian permanent residence through this program.

About the Nova Scotia Nominee Program

Through the NSNP, prospective immigrants with the skills and experience targeted by Nova Scotia may apply for and obtain a Nova Scotia Provincial Nomination Certificate, after which they may apply for Canadian permanent residence.
Nova Scotia has diversified its immigration program over recent months and years, to the point where it now offers multiple streams for candidates in the Express Entry pool, two streams that benefit international students who graduate from an education institution in Nova Scotia, and a couple of streams that are focused on business immigration and entrepreneurship. In certain cases, individuals with language proficiency lower than Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 may be in a position to make an application.
Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry
Nova Scotia uses the federal government’s Express Entry immigration selection system in order to select candidates for Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry, which aims to attract skilled individuals with a post-secondary education and qualifications that will help them successfully settle in the province. The most recent criteria for this stream focused on candidates with experience in one of 29 eligible occupations.
Though Nova Scotia is currently not accepting new applications for this stream, it is expected to reopen for applications later in 2016. Potential applicants may begin to prepare an application in advance, in doing so maximizing their chances of successfully making an application before the allocation intake is reached. To learn more about eligibility requirements for Nova Scotia Demand: Express Entry, click here.
Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry
This points-based immigration stream, which remains open for new applications at this time, targets skilled individuals who wish to settle in Nova Scotia permanently. Applicants must have at least one year of experience working in Nova Scotia in a skilled occupation. Additional ‘adaptability’ points may be awarded to applicants and/or accompanying spouses/common-law partners who have completed a study program in Nova Scotia.
To learn more about eligibility requirements for Nova Scotia Experience: Express Entry, click here.
Skilled Worker Stream
The Skilled Worker Stream helps employers in Nova Scotia recruit and hire foreign workers and recently graduated international students whose skills are in limited supply in Nova Scotia. The stream is segmented into three categories, depending on the skill level of the applicant. To learn more, click here.
Entrepreneur Stream
One of two new business immigration streams under the NSNP, the Entrepreneur Stream aims to attract experienced business owners or senior business managers who want to live in Nova Scotia. Candidates are required to have a net worth of at least $600,000 and be able to invest at least $150,000 in a Nova Scotia business.
This stream operates on an ‘Expression of Interest’ (EOI) model, whereby candidates indicate their interest in operating a business and residing in Nova Scotia by completing an EOI in the form of a short online questionnaire. They are asked to provide information about their business ownership or management experience, language, education, investment, net worth, age, adaptability, and business proposal. Top scoring applicants are then notified that they are being invited to submit a formal application to the NSNP.
To learn more about eligibility requirements for the NSNP Entrepreneur stream, click here.
International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream
At the same time as it introduced the Entrepreneur Stream, Nova Scotia also announced the new International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream. This stream is open to graduates who have completed at least two years of full-time study from a recognized Nova Scotia university or college, have operated their own business in Nova Scotia for at least one year, and intend to settle permanently in Nova Scotia. The International Graduate Stream also operates on an EOI basis.
To learn more about the NSNP International Graduate Entrepreneur Stream, click here.
Leading by example
“One of the great initiatives that the federal government took a number of years ago was to allow provinces to select a portion of new immigrants through the Provincial Nominee Programs. Now, certain provinces are being increasingly proactive — and Nova Scotia is leading the way,” says Attorney David Cohen.
“What I particularly like about the Nova Scotia Nominee Program is that, in spite of having only a limited allocation, the program aims to attract a diverse range of potential immigrants. Nova Scotia, if you recall, was the first province to introduce two Express Entry streams. Moreover, it has two business-focused streams, as well as a base stream that provides a pathway to permanent residence for a wide range of individuals, including those who may not have advanced language ability.
“Nova Scotia has shown that through targeting lobbying and innovative program criteria, Canadian provinces can make the most of their immigration programs. This is certainly good news for individuals and their families around the world who are looking to begin a new life in Canada.”
Nova Scotia quick facts:
  • Capital and largest city: Halifax
  • Population: Approximately 946,000
  • Main language: English
  • Climate: Continental, moderated by the ocean. Warm summers and milder winters than most regions of Canada.
Source:
Read more at http://www.cicnews.com/2016/03/nova-scotia-shows-provinces-latest-immigration-allocation-increase-037487.html#63X0WL6AWfiBvjyD.99

Increasing Number of U.S. Citizens Analyzing Options for Immigration to Canada


MARCH, 2016

As Donald Trump waltzed to victory in no fewer than seven of the 11 state primaries on “Super Tuesday” last week, a familiar pattern re-emerged — many U.S. citizens proclaimed that if Trump was to become president, or even just the Republican nominee, they would pack up and move to Canada. While this has happened during previous election cycles, this time the proposition seems more serious. The deliberations come at a time of rising anxiety among Americans about Trump, who many fear is becoming unstoppable.
Now, people are moving from the ‘why’ to the ‘how’ with regard to Canadian immigration. It is not just a case of loading up the car, driving north, and finding a job right away in a safe neighbourhood. While there are many ways to immigrate to Canada from the United States or to reside in Canada temporarily, each pathway requires a plan.
Every year, thousands of Americans make the decision to move to Canada. Some are attracted by economic opportunity, others are sponsored by a spouse or partner, while many other Americans come to work or study in Canada on a temporary basis.
Immigrate to Canada

After living in Canada for a few years, permanent residents may be eligible to apply for Canadian citizenship.  This is a process known as naturalization, and Canada has one of the most liberal and welcoming naturalization processes in the world. According to both U.S. law, individuals can be a citizen of the U.S. and of another country. The same provision exists for Canadians who acquire a second citizenship
.
Individuals who view Canada as their potential new long-term home are encouraged to assess their options for obtaining Canadian permanent residence. In some cases, permanent resident status can be obtained within months, while other situations may necessitate a waiting period of over a year.
Permanent resident status can be acquired in a number of ways. First, there is the Express Entry immigration selection system. A major advantage with this system is that applications are processed within six months.
Canada also has a number of Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). Canadian provinces, which correlate roughly with states in the U.S., can nominate newcomers based on labour market needs. The PNPs may be a practical starting point for residents of the U.S. who know which province they wish to move to, as well as others who have specific skill sets and work experience that certain provinces are looking for. The province of Quebec has its own economic immigration program, which may prove attractive for U.S. residents who enjoy a more European style of living and want to live close to the Northeast U.S.
Another important portion of Canada’s economic immigration policy focuses on attracting businesspeople and entrepreneurs, which the U.S. has in abundance. Candidates for one of these programs typically require a minimum net worth and the ability to invest a minimum sum in the Canadian economy. While the most well-known business immigration programs have criteria set by the federal government, over recent years many Canadian provinces have also jumped on board and established their own business immigration programs.
Lastly, for U.S. residents in a marriage or common-law relationship with a Canadian citizen or permanent resident, the prospect of immigrating to Canada is obviously appealing. Fortunately, the government of Canada offers a sponsorship program for these cases. Moreover, Canada recognizes same-sex marriage. Same-sex partners may be eligible to apply to reunite in Canada, provided they meet all eligibility requirements.
To view a full rundown of Canadian immigration options for U.S. citizens, click here.
Work in Canada
U.S. citizens may work in Canada temporarily, either as a temporary measure or as a transitory stage towards applying for permanent residence in Canada. There are many ways to begin working in Canada, including:
To learn more about each of these options for working in Canada, click here.
Study in Canada
At a time when young Americans are not only faced with unpalatable rhetoric from candidates for the highest office in the country, but also escalating tuition costs and debt, a growing number are considering Canadian colleges where the tuition is a fraction of what students pay in the U.S. Around six percent of all students at McGill University in Montreal, for example, are U.S. citizens.
Today, with an exchange rate that benefits U.S. citizens looking to study in Canada, there has never been a better time to head north for an affordable education that can lead to attractive career opportunities. Studying in Canada doesn’t just make sense from an educational and economic point of view — it is also a pathway towards developing a professional career and immigrating to Canada permanently.
Source:
Read more at http://www.cicnews.com/2016/03/increasing-number-citizens-analyzing-options-immigration-canada-037502.html#c8jIyJhRdAIU0Yo1.99